Kuningan – The Tenth Day of Galungan

One of the holiest days on the small tropical island. This day is the tenth days of Galungan, Balinese called it Kuningan.
 
Kuningan derives from the word ‘kuning’ that means Yellow in English, which represented yellowed rice. On this day, Balinese made special offerings with yellowed rice for the ancestor farewell on the last day of Galungan. On this day Balinese believe that the ancestor returns to their realm after visiting earth for celebrating Galungan.
 
The offerings with yellow riced have a symbol of humanity’s gratitude to the Gods for all life, happiness, wealth, health, and prosperity he gave. And also, they decorated the offerings with small shadow puppets that represented the angel who gave the joy and wealth to the earth.
Again, this day you may see Tamiang and Endongan hanging outside Balinese home and temple.
 
Tamiang is formed as a round, Tamiang means shield and has signification as protection. Tamiang reminds Balinese of the importance of the law of nature. It has a function as a reminder to humans about Karma, they should protect themselves from bad behavior to avoid Karma.
 
Endongan made from coconut leaves and shaped like a bag or pocket. Balinese put different things like seeds, fruits inside it. It symbolizes supplies. Balinese believe that the most important supply is knowledge and devotion.
 
Mostly, the Balinese celebrate Kuningan only with family at home, because there is no obligatory to pray in all of the temples in their village.
 
If you visited Bali when Kuningan, you will find Barong or ngelawang,  Barong and ngelawang are like lion creature, they will walk around the village followed by kids playing traditional music of Balinese, they will pass house per house, and people from the house will give offerings called canang with sesari (money) on it, after that, they will bless the house and the owner of the house and all his family.

NGAYAH TRADITION : Balinese Traditional Volunteerism

Ngayah tradition is traditional volunteerism in Balinese daily life. Usually, Balinese will gather around in Banjar and doing some voluntary job, mostly for preparing the religious ceremonies or some events in the neighborhood. Well in this tradition, Balinese are not just to help each other, but they also sharing and socializing as the religious order.

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The Legend of Mount Batur

One of the famous mountain in Bali is Mount Batur. Mt Batur is the second big mountain after Mount Agung. Furthermore, This mountain famous because this is a favorite place for tourists to trekking to the top of the mountain to watch the beautiful sunrise.
Mount Batur is an active volcano and has erupted more than 25 times.
There is a lot of legend about this mountain, but in this article, I will only tell you 2 of the most popular stories, namely about Mount Batur associated with the gods and the story of Kebo Iwa.

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The Balinese is a Survivor

We all know that majority of Balinese work in the tourism sector. Some working on hotels, restaurants, tourist attractions, or travel agencies. During this disease, the government not allowed the tourists for visiting Bali, that’s mean everything has stopped and caused trouble for the tourism sector. A lot of restaurant and hotel hibernate. Beach and tourist attraction has been closed, every plan for visiting Bali this year is postponed, even some of the tourists canceled it.
The government tries to stop this pandemic with asked the people to stay at home, and it has meant a lot of people don’t work, so how the Balinese face this crisis?

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BALI’S UPDATE: Travel in Indonesia and the current situation in Bali during the pandemic

Recently some of the Balinese most avid kite enthusiasts swarm across the island to fly their beautifully adorned kite. If you in Bali now you can see hundred kite flies in Bali’s sky, from little one until the wide one. Every child in the village plays their kites on ricefield fly just to kill their boredom during the school holiday caused by this pandemic.

There are a lot of people wondering when Indonesia will let the tourist visiting this country.

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The History of Denpasar : The Capital City Of Bali

People around the world may know that Denpasar is the capital city of Bali. Along ago Denpasar was a park. But not commonly park, it is King of Badung’s favorite park, Kyai Jambe Ksatria. Kyai Jambe Ksatria lived in Puri Jambe Ksatria, now known as Satria Market. This park quite unique, because there is a cockfighting place, the hobby of Kyai Ksatria. He often invited the other king in Bali to play cockfighting.

Historian said, the park more like a resting villa for the king. Denpasar comes from the word ‘den’ that means north and ‘Pasar’ mean market. People gave this name because it located in the north market. Now, this park becomes Jaya Sabha, the house for governor. In 1788 Denpasar was inaugurated as a city. The formation of this city underwent a long process, even since the island of Bali was still inhabited by kingdoms.

In mid 19th, the Dutch take control of northern Bali, their administrative capital is in The northern town of Singaraja.

Earlier, Denpasar is the capital of the Badung Kingdom. The royal palace was ransacked by Dutch in 1906, thousand Balinese included the King decided to destroy their own palace by committed suicide instead of surrendering to the troops. Nowadays if we look at the statue in Denpasar central square, it is memorializing the sad events.

After WWII Dutch move their administrative capital to Denpasar because of the new Airport. Some years later after Indonesian independence in 1958, Denpasar officially became the capital of the province of Bali.

The unique cremation ceremony of Bali

The last ceremony that should be done by Balinese Hindus in the human circle is the Ngaben ceremony. Ngaben ceremony is a cremation ritual to burn the deceased body to set it free from worldly ties and send it to the next life. Not only Ngaben, but Bali also has 3 names for this cremation ceremony. There are, Ngaben, Plebon, and Pretiwaan. Ngaben is a cremation ceremony for ordinary people, Plebon is for the royal family and Pretiwaan for the highest priest.

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